Acta Otolaryngol. 2013 Apr;133(4):361-7. doi: 10.3109/00016489.2012.739731. Epub 2013 Jan 14.
The measurement of the energy consumption (EC) of the body’s center of pressure (COP) to maintain the upright stance position was higher in elderly patients with bilateral vestibular hypofunction (BVH) compared with a control group and may be a valid parameter in the assessment of balance disorders.
The aim of the study was to evaluate the energy consumption of the COP in elderly patients with BVH.
The COP was recorded on a force platform (FP) for eight elderly patients with BVH related to aging and eight normal control group subjects. The EC of the COP was calculated using the discrete wavelet transform. The two groups were tested in standing position on the FP in three sensory conditions:1, eyes open; 2, eyes closed; and 3, standing on a foam pad placed on the force platform. Wilcoxon’s rank test and multi-factor analysis of variance were used, with the level of significance set at 0.05.
BVH patients showed higher values of EC of the COP signal measured in arbitrary units compared with the control group (conditions 1 and 2). None of the BVH patients could perform the test in condition 3. BVH patients had increased EC in the frequency band between 0.1 and 0.78 Hz when the visual information was canceled (condition 2).